Recently, the reporter walks into one of the cradle of China chemical industry enterprise, petrochina jilin petrochemical company interview, found a new, as the era of three "contents" sunup predecessor project fertilizer plant, the dye factory, calcium carbide factory, has been not a bag of chemical fertilizer production, a bucket of dye, a piece of calcium carbide, but it still chanting the name of three companies, as the secondary unit sunup company, is this why?
"The reason is very simple, as the 'eldest son' of the chemical industry in new China, although the products have undergone transformation and upgrading have been earthshaking, but we still call that name, is to remember where we started from, remember our responsibility as the 'eldest son'."
Faced with the reporter's question, jihua people answer proudly and firmly. In the nearly 70 years, despite several ups and downs, but the "eldest son" feelings are always the same.
Industrial relics "hide the glory of new China's chemical industry
In the yard of jilin petrochemical's fertilizer plant, the most striking building is still the 63-meter tall, three brick red cylindrical towers connected horizontally. "1956" is written on the building. Zhao wei, director of the chemical fertilizer factory, said: "the granulation tower built with the help of the Soviet union is already a cultural relic." Mottled red walls hide the glory of the new China's chemical industry.
In the early 1950s, the new republic was in ruins. Jilin fertilizer plant, dye plant and calcium carbide plant are three of the five - year plan. Three factories in jilin city jiangbei tuchengzi, chemical talent from all directions by train, by ship came.
In 1957, the prilling tower of the fertilizer plant was first built. On April 30, people waited in anticipation for the start of the pelleting tower. "Who wouldn't like to see the fruits of their labor?" The veteran worker, neng shuxin, recalled that ammonium nitrate crystals fell like pearls, and people cheered with fertilizer in their hands... Ammonium nitrate fertilizer spread in the field, 1 jin fertilizer can increase grain yield 5 to 6 jin.
Subsequently, the dyestuff factory in jilin city produced indanserin dyestuff, which opened a new era in the production of dyestuff and dyestuff intermediates in China. Asia's largest calcium carbide plant produces calcium carbide and other products, filling the domestic gap, so that the pesticide, medicine, plastics industry can start.
In 1958, jilin chemical industry co., LTD., consisting of "three major chemical industries", was formally established.
By 1990, the profit of jihua dyestuff factory had exceeded 100 million yuan, and it became the largest dyestuff chemical factory in Asia. Calcium carbide plant products supply all over the country, promoting the accelerated development of the national chemical industry.
Rebirth after adversity
"Around 2000, companies became less competitive. High-end dyes come into the country, and our 40-year old device is too old." Ji hua dye factory party secretary, deputy director dai baolin said.
In 1998, jihua was put under the management of CNPC by provincial enterprises. With the development of The Times, the once brilliant "three major" have fallen into trouble. The oldest and largest coal chemical production plants in China are outdated, with high energy consumption, serious pollution and no market for their products. "At its peak, it lost more than 100 million dollars a year." Calcium carbide factory director, deputy secretary of the party committee lu jing said.
Since 2001, jihua has started the "survival by breaking arms" method. It has eliminated more than 100 sets of outdated devices with high energy consumption, heavy pollution and great potential safety and environmental protection hazards, and reduced the product categories from 1150 to 115, and implemented internal closure for enterprises that have no hope of making a profit.
The dye factory stopped production of dyestuff. Through scientific and technological innovation and technical transformation, the intermediate by-product was turned into waste into treasure, and the phenol and acetone were put on the market and turned into "real money and silver". Chemical fertilizer plant no longer produces finished products, instead of producing synthetic ammonia; Calcium carbide plant no longer production calcium carbide, cement into a supporting water reducing agent.
"Hardships, rebirth." Petrochina jilin petrochemical company general manager sun shuzhen described the reform. In 2017, the annual revenue of "old tree and new bud" in jihua reached 58.6 billion yuan, once again leading the oil refining and chemical industry in China.
In the calcium carbide factory yard, two blue blower quietly placed in the new China's first furnace calcium carbide was born. "Sandahua" engraved on the monument in the history of new China's chemical industry, the names of three enterprises are also in the "sandahua" device retirement, product thorough replacement today, still continue.
The inheritance of the "eldest son" spirit
In the nearly 70 years, in addition to the name of the continuation, but also the spiritual inheritance. At the fertilizer plant, stone carvings of "mountain spirit handed down from generation to generation" are displayed under the national flag. At the beginning of the construction of jihua chemical fertilizer plant, the production capacity of synthetic ammonia was 50,000 tons, and later expanded to more than 200,000 tons. In December 1965, wang zhiniu, then the factory director, returned from Beijing with a daunting task: producing 300,000 tons of synthetic ammonia a year.
"To complete the task of producing 300,000 tons of synthetic ammonia is like carrying a mountain," wang said at a staff rally. For the needs of our country, we must carry this mountain back, even if we put our heads above the ground." In 1966, the fertilizer plant produced 307,000 tons of synthetic ammonia, and "mountain spirit" became a resounding slogan to stand up in the face of difficulties.
Over the past decades, jilin petrochemical has born "four spirits" : the "mountain spirit", which dares to take responsibility; The spirit of diligence and thrift; Optimistic and enterprising spirit of "ambivalence"; Dare to be the first "spirit".
Kong dechen, monitor of the fitter class of the east inspection and maintenance workshop of jianxiu company, successively conquered 15 technical problems of equipment maintenance, implemented 7 rationalization Suggestions, and became the red flag bearer of "contradictory music spirit". The "four spirits" have not only fallen into place, taken root, blossomed and bore fruit in kyrgyzstan, but also spread and passed on throughout the country with the "national study of auspicious" activities. Over the past 60 years, jihua has been adhering to the "four spirits" to cultivate the common pursuit of enterprise workers.
A continuous pursuit of innovation of the enterprise, but still adhere to a few "name is not true", seemingly simple move behind, people read the jihua workers have always been the original intention.